Basra, Iraq, environmental, social and health impact assessments

Basrah Gas Company (BGC) commissioned RSK to complete environmental, social and health impact assessments (ESHIA) for multiple projects in southern Iraq under two consecutive three-year call-off contracts. BGC operated the largest gas project in Iraq’s history and the world’s largest flare reduction project. The midstream gas project captured, treated and monetised associated natural gas that was being flared under the licence from oilfields of West Qurna 1, Zubair and Rumaila. The first phase provided additional domestic gas for power generation in excess of 3 GW of power, sufficient to supply 3.5 million homes. It contributed significantly to Iraq’s growing gas demand. Under challenging environmental and political conditions, the project drastically improved air quality and provided a sustainable solution for electric grid instability across the nation.

RSK’s ESHIAs and other environmental studies addressed the construction, operation, decommissioning, de-bottlenecking and refurbishment of various developments, including compressor stations, natural gas liquid plants, marine ports, storage terminals and pipelines. Environmental and social baseline surveys and associated modelling scenarios assisted the impact assessment process. RSK’s dedicated Iraqi social team completed dozens of social baseline surveys and conducted stakeholder engagements at the local, regional and national level to support this contract.

RSK supported BGC in developing and implementing the associated environmental and social performance management systems. The unique approval approach involved a series of workshops and training sessions with regulatory authorities that increased dialogue and understanding of the projects and their impacts. The approach streamlined environmental approvals for the large volume of projects anticipated under this contract and fostered a collaborative relationship with environmental regulators.